CBSE Class 11 Maths Syllabus :

Hello Readers,
This is CBSE Class 11 Maths Syllabus which has cover all the units such as : Relation and Function, Algebra, Calculus, Vector and three – Dimensional Geometry, Linear Programming, Probability.

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MATHEMATICS (Code No. 041)

The CBSE Class 11 Maths Syllabus has undergone changes from time to time in accordance with growth of the subject and emerging needs of the society. Senior Secondary stage is a launching stage from where the students go either for higher academic education in Mathematics or for professional courses like Engineering, Physical and Bioscience, Commerce or Computer Applications. The present revised syllabus has been designed in accordance with National Curriculum Framework 2005 and as per guidelines given in Focus Group on Teaching of Mathematics 2005 which is to meet the emerging needs of all categories of students. Motivating the topics from real life situations and other subject areas, greater emphasis has been laid on application of various concepts.


The broad objectives of teaching Mathematics at senior school stage intend to help the students to:-

  • Acquire knowledge and critical understanding, particularly by way of motivation and visualization, of basic concepts, terms, principles, symbols and mastery of underlying processes and skills.
  • Develop reverence and respect towards great Mathematicians for their contributions to the field of Mathematics.
  • Feel the flow of reasons while proving a result or solving a problem.
  • Develop positive attitude to think, analyze and articulate logically.
  • Apply the knowledge and skills acquired to solve problems and wherever possible, by more than one method.
  • Develop interest in the subject by participating in related competitions. to acquaint students with different aspects of Mathematics used in daily life. to develop an interest in students to study Mathematics as a discipline.
  • To develop awareness of the need for national integration, protection of environment, observance of small family norms, removal of social barriers, elimination of gender biases.


One Paper (Time: 3 hrs.)
Max Marks: 100

Units Unit Name No. of Periods Marks
I. Sets and Functions 60 29
II. Algebra 70 37
III. Coordinate Geometry 40 13
IV. Calculus 30 06
V. Mathematical Reasoning 10 03
VI. Statistics and Probability 30 12
 Total 240  100

*No chapter/unit wise weightage. Care to be taken to cover all the chapters.

Unit-I: Sets and Functions

1.  Sets (20 Periods )
Sets and their representations.Empty set.Finite and Infinite sets.Equal sets.Subsets.Subsets of a set of real numbers especially intervals (with notations). Power set. Universal set. Venn diagrams. Union and Intersection of sets.Difference of sets. Complement of a set. Properties of Complement Sets.

2.  Relations & Functions: (20 Periods)
Ordered pairs, Cartesian product of sets.Number of elements in the cartesian product of two finite sets. Cartesian product of the set of reals with itself (upto R x R x R). Definition of relation, pictorial diagrams, domain, co-domain and range of a relation. Function as a special type of relation. Pictorial representation of a function, domain, co-domain and range of a function. Real valued functions, domain and range of these functions, constant, identity, polynomial, rational, modulus, signum, exponential, logarithmic and greatest integer functions, with their graphs. Sum, difference, product and quotient of functions.

3.  Trigonometric Functions: (20 Periods)
Positive and negative angles. Measuring angles in radians and in degrees and conversion from one measure to another.Definition of trigonometric functions with the help of unit circle. Truth of the identity sin2x+cos2x=1, for all x. Signs of trigonometric functions. Domain and range of trignometric functions and their graphs. Expressing sin (x±y) and cos (x±y) in terms of sinx, siny, cosx & cosy and their simple applications. Deducing the identities like the following:


Unit-II: Algebra

1. Principle of Mathematical Induction: (10) Periods
Process of the proof by induction, motivating the application of the method by looking at natural numbers as the least inductive subset of real numbers. The principle of mathematical induction and simple applications.

2. Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations: (15) Periods
Need for complex numbers, especially √−1, to be motivated by inability to solve some of the quardratic equations. Algebraic properties of complex numbers.Argand plane and polar representation of complex numbers. Statement of Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, solution of quadratic equations (with real coefficients) in the complex number system. Square root of a complex number.

3. Linear Inequalities: (15) Periods
Linear inequalities. Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities in one variable and their representation on the number line.Graphical solutions of linear inequalities in two variables.Graphical method of finding a solution of system of linear inequalities in two variables.

4. Permutations and Combinations: (10) Periods
Fundamental principle of counting. Factorial n. (n!) Permutations and combinations, derivation of formulae for 𝑛𝑃𝑟 and 𝑛𝐶𝑟 and their connections, simple applications.

5. Binomial Theorem: (10) Periods
History, statement and proof of the binomial theorem for positive integral indices.Pascal’s triangle, General and middle term in binomial expansion, simple applications.

6. Sequence and Series: (10) Periods
Sequence and Series. Arithmetic Progression (A. P.). Arithmetic Mean (A.M.) Geometric Progression (G.P.), general term of a G.P., sum of first n terms of a G.P., infinite G.P. and its sum, geometric mean (G.M.), relation between A.M. and G.M. Formulae for the following special sums


Unit-III:Coordinate Geometry

1. Straight Lines: (10) Periods
Brief recall of two dimensional geometry from earlier classes. Shifting of origin. Slope of a line and angle between two lines. Various forms of equations of a line: parallel to axis, point-slope form, slopeintercept form, two-point form, intercept form and normal form. General equation of a line.Equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.Distance of a point from a line.

2. Conic Sections: (20) Periods
Sections of a cone: circle, ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, a point, a straight line and a pair of intersecting lines as a degenerated case of a conic section. Standard equations and simple properties of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola.Standard equation of a circle.

3. Introduction to Three-dimensional Geometry: (10) Periods
Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensions. Coordinates of a point. Distance between two points and section formula.


Unit-IV: Calculus

1. Limits and Derivatives: (30) Periods
Derivative introduced as rate of change both as that of distance function and geometrically. Intuitive idea of limit. Limits of polynomials and rational functions trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Definition of derivative relate it to scope of tangent of the curve, Derivative of sum, difference, product and quotient of functions. Derivatives of polynomial and trigonometric functions.


Unit-V: Mathematical Reasoning

1. Mathematical Reasoning: (10) Periods
Mathematically acceptable statements. Connecting words/ phrases – consolidating the understanding of “if and only if (necessary and sufficient) condition”, “implies”, “and/or”, “implied by”, “and”, “or”, “there exists” and their use through variety of examples related to real life and Mathematics. Validating the statements involving the connecting words, Difference between contradiction, converse and contrapositive.


Unit-VI: Statistics and Probability

1. Statistics: (15) Periods
Measures of dispersion: Range, mean deviation, variance and standard deviation of ungrouped/grouped data. Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances.

2. Probability: (15) Periods

Random experiments; outcomes, sample spaces (set representation). Events; occurrence of events, ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events, exhaustive events, mutually exclusive events, Axiomatic (set theoretic) probability, connections with other theories studied in earlier classes. Probability of an event, probability of ‘not’, ‘and’ and ‘or’ events.




Time 3 Hours (Max. Marks: 100)

Typology of Questions:

1. Remembering:
(knowledge based simple recall questions, to know specific facts, terms, concepts, principles, or theories, Identify, define, or recite, information)
VSA (1 mark) : 2 questions
SA (2 marks) : 2 questions
LA-I (4 marks) : 2 questions
LA-II (6 marks) : 1 questions
Total Questions : 7 questions
Total Marks : 20 Marks
Percent Weightage: 20%

2. Understanding:
(Comprehension – to be familiar with meaning and to understand conceptually, interpret, compare, contrast, explain, paraphrase information)
VSA (1 mark) : 1 question
SA (2 marks) : 3 questions
LA-I (4 marks) : 4 questions
LA-II (6 marks) : 2 questions
Total Questions : 10 questions
Total Marks : 35 Marks
Percent Weightage: 35%

3. Application:
(Use abstract information in concrete situation, to apply knowledge to new situations, Use given content to interpret a situation, provide an example, or solve a problem)
VSA (1 mark) : 1 question
SA (2 marks) : 0 questions
LA-I (4 marks) : 3 questions
LA-II (6 marks) : 2 questions
Total Questions : 6 questions
Total Marks : 25 Marks
Percent Weightage: 25%

4. High Order Thinking Skills:
(Analysis & Synthesis: Classify, compare, contrast, or differentiate between different pieces of information, Organize and/or integrate unique pieces of information from a variety of Sources.
VSA (1 mark) : 0 question
SA (2 marks) : 3 questions
LA-I (4 marks) : 1 questions
LA-II (6 marks) : 0 question
Total Questions : 4 questions
Total Marks : 10 Marks
Percent Weightage: 10%

5. Evaluation:
(Appraise, judge, and/or justify the value of worth of a decision or outcome, or to predict outcomes based on values)
VSA (1 mark) : 0 question
SA (2 marks) : 0 question
LA-I (4 marks) : 1 question (value based)
LA-II (6 marks) : 1 question
Total Questions : 2 questions
Total Marks : 10 Marks
Percent Weightage: 10%



Question – wise Break – up:

Type of Question Marks per question Total no. of questions Total Marks
VSA 1 4 4
SA 2 8 16
LA – I 4 11 44
LA – II 6 6 36
Total 29 100


1. No chapter wise weightage. Care to be taken to cover all the chapters.
2. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating various templates keeping the overall weightage to different form of questions and typology of questions same.

There will be no overall choice in the question paper. However, 30% internal choices will be given in 4 marks and 6 marks questions.

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